MacBook Unibody Model A1278 Troubleshooting

The 13" MacBook Unibody, with a design centered around a case milled from a single brick of aluminum, is a new addition to Apple's MacBook lineup. Troubleshooting is fairly straightforward.

MacBook Unibody won't turn on ¶ 

Your computer will not boot.

RAM issues ¶ 

If your computer beeps three times, there is a RAM issue. Either you have insufficient RAM to boot, or the RAM you do have is faulty. First, access the RAM slots and ensure you have RAM installed. If you have two chips, first reseat them and try again. If that doesn't work, try one chip at a time to see if one of the chips prevents the machine from booting. We offer replacement RAM to replace faulty chips. If none of the above methods work, you may have a bad logic board.

Bad power adapter ¶ 

If your power adapter is bad, the computer will run off a battery, but it won't charge. If your battery's charge is too low, it will be difficult to diagnose a bad power adapter. The easiest way to test this is to borrow either a battery or power adapter to test in your machine. If you have the same problem with a fully charged battery, you most likely need a new logic board.

Bad MagSafe board ¶ 

If there is no power to the machine and the adapter is known to work, the next course of action is to replace the MagSafe board.

Thermal Sensor Issues ¶ 

If the fans run at high RPMs, but the computer does not boot, there is probably an issue with the thermal sensors.

This model features a thermal sensor on the heat sink. First, ensure that the thermal sensor on the heat sink is plugged into the logic board. If it is, try replacing the heat sink. If this does not fix the problem, the logic board most likely needs to be replaced.

Bad logic board ¶ 

If the above steps don't fix your problem, replace the logic board.

Also, 9 beeps on startup indicates a logic board problem. Try contacting your nearest Apple representative to determine if they will fix this problem (be sure to back up your data first!). If not, you must replace the logic board yourself.

Laptop shuts off when I unplug it ¶ 

As soon as you unplug the computer from a power source, it shuts off

Dead battery ¶ 

If your battery is dead, the computer will run fine off the power adapter, but will turn off when unplugged. A dead battery can manifest itself in many forms: It may not accept a charge (this particular symptom may also indicate a problem with the logic board), the computer may not recognize the battery, or the battery may be recognized as charged but fail to power your computer when the AC adapter is unplugged. We offer replacement batteries for sale in our parts store.

Flashing question mark on startup ¶ 

The computer displays the flashing question mark when it can't find a bootable operating system. This could be because your OS is corrupt, the computer doesn't have enough RAM, or your hard drive is failing.

Bad operating system ¶ 

Try booting off an OS CD. Run Apple's Disk Utility and try to repair the disk. If this fails, reinstall your operating system. If you can, erase the hard drive prior to reinstalling the OS.

Not enough RAM ¶ 

This is quite rare. If you have insufficient RAM for your computer to boot the operating system, you may get the flashing question mark. Installing more RAM or downgrading to an older operating system will fix this. OS X 10.5 requires 512 MB RAM, and OS X 10.6 requires 1 GB RAM.

Bad hard drive ¶ 

The hard drive may have been erased, corrupted, or damaged. If the hard drive has been erased, format it as HFS+ and reinstall your operating system back onto it. If it is corrupted or damaged, you need to replace it. Failing hard drives can display intermittent data corruption prior to failing completely. They often gradually get louder and start to click. If your hard drive is making abnormal clicking noises but still works, back up your data immediately and replace the hard drive. Any of our 9.5mm SATA hard drives will work in your computer.

My machine boots, but the display remains dark ¶ 

Symptoms of this are a dark screen, but everything else seems to be running.

Display ¶ 

If your screen isn't working, the display is most likely to blame. You must then install a replacement display. If this still doesn't solve your problem, you need a new logic board.

Other problems ¶ 

Ports/Audio ¶ 

If you lose USB or ethernet, the only thing to blame is the logic board. Because there are many components of the logic board, many possible symptoms indicate logic board failure. Any one of these components can fail and leave the others intact. If you lose the use of another component of your computer, such as the display, battery, or even power, and replacing the apparently non-working part didn't fix the problem, it is possible that the logic board may need to be replaced (see above).

10 comentários

I have a Macbook and spilled some liquid on the keyboard, I left it alone a few days and now it won't turn on, Does it have a chance to get repaired??

Juan - Responder

I have a macbook A1278. It does not switch on, screen remain black. Battery is full (side indicator). But no beep, whatsoever. front led also is not lighting. Please help

cris Caparida - Responder

I have a macbook a1278 that when using the screen has distortion or interference appearing up the middle of the screen. however when booting up this is not present. So im sure that its not the screen at fault. Any ideas?

malguru - Responder

I have a A1278 unibody I had a ram issue the three beeps and white screen and I could hear the osx load replaced the ram and it fixed it so I thought now my screen will black out reload acts very glitchee my apps won't work when I click on them they disappear then come back there is a thin black strip on top of the screen any how can any one help thank you in advance victor

victor generalao - Responder

If you have no video:

Telling people they have to replace the LCD or MB is just bullshit. Let them try fixing first!

So that was my issue:

The LVDS connector is a very small and delicate piece but the LED backlight needs quite a lot of current compared to the size of the pins. I figured out what was the cause of the problem when I removed the LCD. Its socket (yes, from the LCD side, not from the laptop mainboard side) was almost burned, perhaps because of the moisture. Cleaning it carefully solved the problem. Resoldering may also help, which I also have got done.

The socket was also making the backlight appear uneven (there are six pins responsible for the LEDs, fault of any of them will cause the effect).

I suppose (I haven't checked that) the LVDS signals are something like HDMI or DVI format, which involves I2C communication, so if any of video data pins don't work, you will see mess on the display, but if one of I2C pins fail, the mainboard won't detect the display at all and you will see nothing.

facebook - Responder

I repaired the keyboard after a spill but now it won't start up unless battery is disconnected and I unplug and plug in the mag safe. It works great after that.

dancher - Responder

The button works but it only puts it to sleep. It will not wake up from a powered don state

dancher - Responder

Got one of these today with no power. No charge, no lights, no sound nothing. Opened the Bottom cover, pulled the battery, pulled the ram and reseated it. Then put the original battery back in. Now it works again. I'm pretty sure it was some weird ram issue now solved. Got lucky with this one! Thank you!

Mark - Responder

I have a MacBook Unibody 2008 A1278 2.4G, 8 G RAM and want te replace my HD with an SSD of 1 TB Toshiba 2.5 SATA 3. The original SATA cable is to slow te be able to boot such an SSD so i need to replace the original SATA-cable with an SATA 2 or 3 cable. Where can i find such one on your site ? Thanks upfront !!! Grts S.

Simon - Responder

I switch on my A1278, the apple logo appears with the progress bar working slowly. A minute later the circle starts spinning. I don't hear the fan or the hard drive and I don't hear 3 beeps for ram and there is not a question mark on the screen. After 3 mins the screen becomes black with the cursor flashing in the top left corner and stays silent. Having followed the troubleshooting, there doesn't seem to be an option that suits my case. My own logic tells me that it's a hard drive crash but then shouldn't there be a question mark on the screen? Then I thought it could be the hard drive cable or the fan? Maybe the hard drive won't kick in if the fans not working?? Help would be so much appreciated!

Angus - Responder

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