Ferramentas utilizadas neste teardown

Este teardown (desmontagem analítica) não é um guia de reparo. Para reparar seu/sua Generic 1A USB Car Charger, use o nosso manual de serviço.

  1. Here we see the device. It is predominately cheap plastic and thin stamped metal.
    • Here we see the device. It is predominately cheap plastic and thin stamped metal.

    • It looks and feels very light and cheap, not a good sign. Though as they say don't judge a book by its cover.

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  2. Remove the two screws on the front with a #00 Philips screwdriver.
    • Remove the two screws on the front with a #00 Philips screwdriver.

    • One of the screws is hidden underneath the label.

    • Be careful as these screws are very small and the plastic they screw into is VERY weak. If you over tighten the screws they will strip out.

    • Pry off the metal end cap. It should come off pretty easily.

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    • Unscrew the metal ring at the top and remove the parts.

    • Only a spring and no fuse inside. Not good at all. This means that it is relying on the fuse for the power port.

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    • The device the pulls apart leaving you with a VERY sparsely populated insides.

    • I see two capacitors, an inductor, an LED, a usb port, a diode and the power connectors. Still no fuse or any othersemblance of protection circuitry.

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    • Lets look at the other side. Holy Long Leads Bat Man! Those leads (in the red box) are WAY too long. Compare their length to the ones on the USB connector (in blue). While the soldering looks OK, the long leads show a general lack of attention to detail and cutting of costs.

    • Now we get a good look at the circuit board in general. The more signs of cost cutting. The solder mask (the stuff that makes the PCB green) has huge empty spaces around the solder pads. You can clearly see the brown PCB through there. This increases the risks of short circuits etc. Once again cheap design.

    • The main IC seems to be an MC34063 switching regulator. A veritable workhorse in USB chargers. While this IC can drive up to 1.5A it is only considered good for up to 700mA continuous before heat becomes an issue. Uh oh.

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    • Now lets look at the schematic and see how it compares to the datasheet.

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    • Here we see the stock schematic from the database.

    • In the next image we see the schematic used in the device. We see many values have changed.

    • The biggest change is that Rsc is 0.22ohms. This gives an Ipk of 1.36A, which gives an Iout Max of 0.68A. This is FAR from the quoted 1A.

    • Also, the input and output capacitors have been reduced in size to 10uF and 100uF respectively. This means that we will see MUCH larger ripple on the output. Possibly falling out of USB spec and putting the attached device at risk.

    • Quite simply, the device is a rebadged 500mA or 750mA USB charger at best. It is NOT 1A capable, despite what the sticker on the body says.

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Member since: 12-08-2012

789 reputação

3 Guides authored

I tore down the same device with much the same comments - http://mm0hai.net/blog/2012/08/01/Messag...

River MacLeod - Responder

Could you do a tear down of the more advanced usb car chargers, it would be interesting on how these are made and work


Alpha80mega - Responder

I do have one of these babies ... unfortunately , so if I replace all the components like in the original schematic from data base , everything should work fine , wright ?

xavialfon - Responder

The right conclusion of R(3.6K) it has to be connected to the right conclusion of L (220uH).

Alexander Vladlog - Responder

I have already ordered a charger from the best seller of Amazon


allisonfranz - Responder

Looking at the pic in step 6, it would appear the two data pins are shorted together, tied to +5V via a 75k-ohm resistor, and tied to ground via a 45k-ohm resistor. The resultant voltage divider should hold the two data pins at about +2V. As the data pins have 0V between them, any remotely modern cell phone will recognize this as a charger. An Apple device would recognize this as a 500ma charger, and most recent Android devices mimic Apple's scheme for identifying chargers.

The de-rated capacitors were likely deemed sufficient to regulate the ripple at 500ma. Such cost-cutting (and exaggerated specs) is par for the course with products manufactured and designed in China. My experience is that these things reliably (but slowly) charge my iPhone, and I can get them at the Dollar Tree.

It's been my experience these things work reliably with my Apple devices,

gahanj - Responder

Just did some load testing with one of these, probably good for 500mA. At .55A over time the voltage will still drop out. I've seen chargers that use the MC34063 put out an amp easy. This one could if they did a good job with it, but they cheaped out. It's pretty much garbage for most applications.

Alex Baruth - Responder

Edit: Just took it apart, it this one is designed with another chip, The AD84064. Looks like a it's probably a cheaper alternative, and a worse performer.

Alex Baruth - Responder

The schematic doesn't show the LED. I would like to know if it can be removed without affecting the operation. I don't need it, don't want it, and it just consumes power.

Gary Cole - Responder

I think it is driven off of the 12V line with a resistor. You should be just fine to remove it.

PedroDaGr8 -

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