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Introdução

Internet Recovery has a number of useful applications. This guide will show you how to use Internet Recovery to install a fresh copy of macOS to a blank or corrupted SSD.

Internet Recovery is only available on Apple computers made after 2009. If your computer was released in 2010 or 2011, you may need to update to the latest version of macOS to enable Internet Recovery.

  1. Shut down the computer.
    • Shut down the computer.

    • If you're installing MacOS to a new drive with Internet Recovery, you can skip this step.

    I thought this guide is for a completely new SSD, but in this example MacOS appears to already be running. Is the target SSD connected internally via SATA or is this guide for a USB based second SSD that will also run the OS?

    In the latter case, is the intent to run internet recovery on the new SSD and then open the machine up and connect it directly, replacing the old disk?

    orun bhuiyan - Responder

    Sorry for the confusion, Orun! The new SSD guide shares a few steps with the general “boot to internet recovery mode” guide. If you’re installing MacOS to a new drive, you can skip this step. :)

    Taylor Dixon - Responder

    Just to clarify, I have a late 2009 MacBook 6,1 running El Capitan and will be upgrading to a new SSD. Will Internet recovery work with this computer? The article states “after 2009”. Also I want to upgrade to High Sierra at the same time is there an option to select which OS or how does it decide?

    nathan davis - Responder

  2. Once the computer is completely shut down, press the power button, then immediately press and hold the key combination cmd + option + R.
    • Once the computer is completely shut down, press the power button, then immediately press and hold the key combination cmd + option + R.

    Does this option still work if using a Bluetooth keyboard?

    Chad Neumann - Responder

    Chad, this option should still work if using a bluetooth keyboard. If you’ve paired the keyboard to the computer already, then it should connect quickly enough to register the keypresses. That said, it’s definitely less reliable than using a wired keyboard! And every bluetooth keyboard is different—one might work, and another might not. Good luck!

    Taylor Dixon -

    In my case, the SSD was completely new, and the only way I got internet recovery to work was to press Cmd+Opt+Shift+R, which installs the macOS version which came with my Mac (a Late 2012 21.5’’ iMac).

    Adrià - Responder

    If you have a PC/Windows keyboard plugged in, then use Window+Alt+R for youngest compatible Mac-OS download.

    Ian Kjos - Responder

    MacBook 2009 A1342 DOES NOT WORK, it always shows the ‘folder’ with a ? inside and there is nothing i can do. +, i already bought a copy of Lion 10.7 on app store but cant access it either HELP PLEASE ;-)

    Simon Saint-Pierre - Responder

    On my MBP mid-2012, the Cmd+Opt+Shift+R worked for me too with a brand new SSD. Thx Adria!

    cat. - Responder

  3. When the spinning globe animation appears, you can release the keys. The globe will spin while Internet Recovery starts up. If you are not using a wired internet connection, a choose network prompt will appear. Use this menu to connect the computer to a WiFi network.
    • When the spinning globe animation appears, you can release the keys.

    • The globe will spin while Internet Recovery starts up. If you are not using a wired internet connection, a choose network prompt will appear. Use this menu to connect the computer to a WiFi network.

    when i want to input wifi password the keyboard is not working

    pika - Responder

    Mine just gets stuck at WiFi connection…

    Kelly Cairns - Responder

    Hi.

    In this step choosing the network I can't type my password to get my connexion.

    It shows me locked.

    Thanks

    Francisco

    Francisco Hernandez - Responder

    Hi,

    In this step after connecting to WIFI it will be there forever no progress. If I click on another network it’s getting error’ed out with a globe and exclamation mark in it and error is “apple.com/support -1005 F”.

    Please assist me with some information on how to overcome this phase.

    Raghu.

    raghuvaran45.rv - Responder

    -3511 F Eror , whats does it means?

    Shuhrat Safarov - Responder

    Mine is stuck flashing a folder with a question mark on it. Now what?

    lauren borkowski - Responder

    cant get passed folder with ? mark inside PLS HELPà

    Simon Saint-Pierre - Responder

    Even if your keyboard is AZERTY, write your password as using a QWERTY one. Just did it now.

    You're welcome ;)

    Nicolas Vaché - Responder

    thank you sooooo much

    Geraldine Portal -

  4. Once a network connection has been established, a progress bar will appear underneath the spinning globe.
    • Once a network connection has been established, a progress bar will appear underneath the spinning globe.

    Coloco la clave wi fi la reconoce pero no me carga nada, se queda conectado pero sin cargar nada

    federicorabanez - Responder

    de que año es la maquina? Podría ser que la red no tiene conexión? Tal vez pueda probarlo con una conexión por cable.

    Taylor Dixon -

    Coloco la clave wi fi, y la reconoce pero el globo continua rotando hasta que se detiene y muestra error casi que indefinidamente. Algunas veces se congela y muestra error 2002F… no se que hacer

    Luis Hartmann - Responder

  5. When Internet Recovery has loaded, you will see the macOS recovery screen.
    • When Internet Recovery has loaded, you will see the macOS recovery screen.

    After I entered password and loaded up internet recovery a Question Mark appears and flashing. What do I do next?

    Dennis Fessler - Responder

    Never mind. When I tried a second time it went to the Disk Utility. I was able to complete the process.

    Dennis Fessler - Responder

    Quanto tempo ci mette di solito a ricaricarsi Internet Recovery ???

    Betty Bi - Responder

    Apple und die Time Maschine die alles kaputt macht. Statt Itunes hätten sie lieber die Time Maschine raus nehmen sollen aus Catalina Betriebssystem Apple

    Planet der Giganten - Responder

    mi Mac lleva más de una hora y está hasta la mitad de la barra

    Matías Fonseca५ప - Responder

    A mi me carga hasta la mitad luego se reinicia,mi máquina tiene el problema que se reinicia constantemente pero me deja acceder al modo seguro

    asesino97ful - Responder

    Can I backup data from internet recovery to an external drive before reinstalling operating system?

    Sara - Responder

  6. Before you can install macOS to the new drive, you'll need to format the drive so the installer can recognize it. Open Disk Utility from the recovery menu, select your drive, and click the Erase button toward the top of the Disk Utility window. Make up a name for your drive, and make sure the format is set to Mac OS Extended (Journaled) or APFS. If there is a  "Scheme" option, set it to GUID Partition Map.
    • Before you can install macOS to the new drive, you'll need to format the drive so the installer can recognize it.

    • Open Disk Utility from the recovery menu, select your drive, and click the Erase button toward the top of the Disk Utility window.

    • Make up a name for your drive, and make sure the format is set to Mac OS Extended (Journaled) or APFS. If there is a "Scheme" option, set it to GUID Partition Map.

    • If you don't see your drive listed in the Disk Utility menu, select Show All Devices from the View section of the menu bar.

    • Once the new drive is formatted, press Command + Q to exit Disk Utility and return to the recovery menu.

    Bought the OWC recommended drive from fixit (for 2012 Macbook air) and it was pre-formatted—so was able to move right on to restoring from time machine backup — worked great!

    David Kittlesen - Responder

    When can I use Time Machine to restore my data. Can I use it in this step or I have to install MacOS first, then use time machine?

    ahmad albulihy - Responder

    Ahmad, I was under the impression that you needed to install MacOS before you can restore a time machine backup. That said, now that you ask I am not sure! It could be possible to restore your data and the OS with Time Machine. If you already have a TM backup at this step, give that a try and let me know how it goes.

    Taylor Dixon -

    I’m upgrading to a SSD on my 2011 iMac, running MacOS High Sierra. Updating to Catalina is prevented by the age of the computer.

    Should I choose APFS as the format for the new SSD, rather than Mac OS Extended (Journaled)?

    It appears to be compatible with High Sierra, and some quick research indicates that APFS is meant to be optimised for flash based storage like an SSD.

    Andy Waller - Responder

    I think I’ve answered my own question. After futher reading of this article. I’m going to stick with MacOS Extended (Journalled) to ensure that I maintain compatibility with my existing Time Machine backups to the new drive. Its also mentioned that during installation of High Sierra, it will decide which disk format is more appropriate automatically.

    It would certainly be interesting to see how much faster APFS is for SSDs.

    Andy Waller -

    I bought the recommended OWC SSD, but mine isn’t recognized by my 2015 (early) MacBook Air 13”. I installed the new drive into an OWC Envoy Pro, with the intent of cloning the original drive onto the new drive, then installing the new drive into the computer, and sticking the original drive into the Envoy Pro. Is this what I’m doing wrong, should I just install the new drive into the computer, and move the original drive into the Envoy Pro?

    Robb M - Responder

    UPDATE: In response to my question - yes, I was doing it wrong. I just installed the new drive into my MacBook Air, and used Internet recovery to format the new SSD. It worked great.

    I differed, though, from the instructions here. The article recommends to use internet recovery to install the OS, and then use super duper to replicate the original (cloned) drive onto the new drive. Except when I went to install the OS using Internet Recovery, it was going to install Catalina, which I don’t want to do. (Catalina doesn’t support Aperture, which is my favorite Apple application). So instead of using internet recover for that, I used Utilities to restore the original drive onto the new drive. It worked perfectly.

    Robb M -

    I got a problem, says Operation failed. The volume couldn’t be unmounted because it is in use by the process 637(hextcache)

    Couldn’t unmount disk.:(-69888)

    Karnasc - Responder

    I can’t see the new drive, and I don’t have the View section of the menu bar… I am stuck here now

    Alfonzo Altamar Pereira - Responder

  7. Back at the recovery menu, select Install macOS .
    • Back at the recovery menu, select Install macOS .

    Can I choose which OS version to install at this point? I will want to install Mojave, but since there’s a newer OS (Catalina) out now will that version be installed without giving me a chance to choose?

    Lee Wolf - Responder

    Lee, unfortunately I do not think this interface will let you install older versions of macOS—it just automatically grabs the newest version. If you want to install Mojave, you’ll have to make a USB installer!

    Taylor Dixon -

  8. Follow the prompts to install macOS, selecting the newly formatted disk as the target for the installation. Follow the prompts to install macOS, selecting the newly formatted disk as the target for the installation.
    • Follow the prompts to install macOS, selecting the newly formatted disk as the target for the installation.

Conclusão

Your computer may restart several times during the installation of macOS. Once the installation is complete, you can use Migration Assistant to transfer data from your old drive to the new one.

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Taylor Dixon

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Perfect, it is soooooo easy

Cheers

Michael

Michael Clark - Responder

Super easy

just be super careful with the pentalobe screws, easy to cam out and strip the heads

be sure driver is engaged and apply more down force then you would think before turning

igolten - Responder

Hi there, will this work when upgrading an Early 2011 Macbook Pro with a new SSD and RAM? I don’t want to keep or clone any data that I currently have on the computer. I just want to do a clean install of MacOS without transferring over any old files. Thank you!

Fiona B. - Responder

Fiona, the Early 2011 MacBook Pros didn’t ship with internet recovery, but as long as it had a recent-ish version of MacOS before the SSD upgrade the firmware should have updated, which enables internet recovery! This is a great method for installing a fresh copy of MacOS to a new SSD.

Taylor Dixon -

Hello. Thank you for the article Taylor. I use a MBP 9,2 and wish to replace my ageing 500GB HDD with 500GB SSD and undergo a clean install of macOS. I’ll follow this article and install by the Internet Recovery method. I have a Time Machine backup, from which I want to restore only certain files and folders pertaining to my studies and work. I also want to restore only Keychain. Can you advise me regarding these or direct me by providing helpful links? Thank you.

Rohit Sorkhel - Responder

My situation:

(a) Running Mojave on early 2015 MBP, original SSD

(b) Want to upgrade SSD to 1TB

I was planning to:

(1) replacing the SSD,

(2) install Catalina on new SSD from internet using this guide, and

(c) then restore my other apps and user data from my Time Machine backup.

Would that work or should I anticipate some hiccups, especially with step (c). Also my Time Machine backups can they still be written to the same network location as my current location?

Sriram Karra - Responder

Last time I upgraded a Mac HD with SSD I lost the ability to continue to upgrade the OS, so that Mac is stuck in the past. I resorted to an older Mac that has latest OS but now hard drive is failing there. If I do this upgrade, will I again lose the ability to upgrade to latest OS (and maybe even end up going backwards from the current one (10.15.7) ?

Benjamin Huygir - Responder

I could not reinstall OS vis internet recovery - MacBook Pro 13” mid 2010. I tried all three ways in internet recovery but had no prevail. Any suggestion will be appreciated

Prince Ren - Responder

Super, merci beaucoup.

d.balkwill - Responder

I put in new hard drive, pressed the power button and held down the option- command- R buttons and a file with a question Mark has popped up. Now what?

lauren borkowski - Responder

Is it work on Hackintosh catalina?

midhilaj m - Responder

Hey, does this works nowadays in 2021 with a Vintage Mid 2010 iMac 27”. I heard that given the model becomes vintage by Apple, there is no more support, and that includes the Internet Recovery mode. Is that truth? Are there any other way to install a fresh copy of the last supported OS version for this mac (High Sierra) ? I don’t know but maybe a bootable pen drive?

Juan Pablo González - Responder

I keep getting “can’t download the additional components needed to install Mac Os X.” Please advise

Mayra Terrones - Responder

Great instructions! I followed them but my issue is that my external backup is for High Sierra but my Mac base offers Lion as my option. After selecting a restore point on the external SSD and transferring the data all I have is Google chrome that isn’t working and none of the apps appear on my screen. Did I miss a step?

Larry Womac - Responder

I been trying to install it, but it keep returning to the installation process, it seems like a infinite loop at the installation.

What should I do to finish the installation please.

My macPro Late 2013 retina A1502, I was using high sierra before, my ssd has broken in 2017, since then I was using the external HD.

Vagner Pereira - Responder

Tried to install in my 2010 MBP

it won’t let me format the disk so it can be read. help !? Please

jose caro - Responder

I used this guide to successfully install MacOS on a new SSD, as a first step in replacing my Mini’s HD, by putting the new SSD in the enclosure and connecting it with the USB cord to the Mini. Up to that point, I agree with the other commenters that the guide is very helpful.

What this guide fails to mention, though, is that once the OS is installed on the new new SSD, the computer will reboot, then start the routine to initialize a new computer, presumably because it’s rebooting using the new drive’s OS, which triggers that process. To get around this, I had to shut down the computer, unplug the SSD’s USB cord, then restart the Mini from its original HD.

Mentioning this would be a helpful addition to the guide, so people don’t panic when they see the menu for setting up a new Mac.

Scott Exo - Responder

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